When growing piglets, a lot of different problems can arise, ranging from feeding difficulties to diseases. Very often piglets behave rather strangely and it is difficult to understand from their behavior what exactly they lack or what they are ill with. Why piglets grow poorly, do not eat, itch, gnaw each other or fall on their feet can be found in this article.
Why do piglets grow poorly
Many farmers in growing pigs faced such a problem as poor growth. Why don't piglets gain weight? There may be several reasons.
Helminths are present in almost all animals. A piglet can become infected at an early age from the uterus or through the ground, manure, food. As a preventive measure, you just need to monitor the purity and give the animals only high-quality food.
To get rid of worms, you must use special preparations. They can be found in a veterinary pharmacy. Good substances are such as "Nilverm", "Biomectin". From folk remedies use garlic, tansy.Important! If you have problems with weight gain or any other weak legs like scabies, you should immediately call the veterinarian to determine the cause of the illness and prescribe treatment.
With a balanced diet, a piglet should weigh about a centner by 6 months
With a balanced diet, a pig should weigh about a centner by 6 months. If there is not enough protein in the diet, babies do not grow well. So it is important to ensure that there is enough protein in the diet, as well as fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals! If there are doubts about feeding, it is best to use feed. The package shows the dosage and in this feed there are all the necessary nutrients.
Lack of vitamins
Due to poor nutrition, piglets begin to have a vitamin deficiency.
- If vitamin D deficiency develops, it will be noticed that the pigs do not eat well, their bone structure changes (distort), and as a result, rickets develop. The main reason for the lack of not only in food, but also in the absence of light, the sun.
- With a lack of vitamin A, the piglets start to get sick with avitaminosis, their digestion is disturbed, they do not gain weight, eat poorly, and problems with the cardiovascular system begin.
- With a lack of protein or vitamin B, rough skin (pellagra) appears. It is accompanied by a rash, ulcers, scabs. The animal does not eat well, does not grow.
To solve the problem, it turns out which vitamins the animal lacks and they are fed additionally. Premixes are usually used for this, but in some cases, veterinarians prescribe injections to maintain immunity, improve well-being, etc. In each case, the treatment may be different. Prompt treatment of vitamin deficiencies can solve the problem, but if nothing is done, death is not excluded.It is important! Vitamins and minerals must be present in the nutrition of piglets. If there are doubts about the dosage or type of drug, you can consult with a veterinarian or use special feed for young individuals for feeding.
Even if the piglets have a lot of space, but they will be in the mud, the young can lose their appetite and stop growing.
Another reason why piglets grow poorly is the wrong content. Even if the piglets have a lot of space, but they will be in the mud, the young can lose their appetite, stop growing.
The solution to the problem is elementary - to make comfortable conditions. The pigsty is cleaned regularly, the temperature is maintained at +16 degrees or more, ventilation must be adjusted, but drafts are excluded. The water trough and food are cleaned daily and filled with only high-quality food. Following these rules will solve the problem, and the piglets will start to gain weight again.
Congenital abnormalities, defects, abnormal occlusion is difficult to detect from the very beginning without a veterinarian. In this case, the animal may be physically difficult to eat food, and he, therefore, grows poorly. To solve this problem in most cases is not easy. If the pathology is congenital, then usually the animal is allowed to slaughter.
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Very often in the case of large grouping of animals, they gnaw each other. The aggressiveness of piglets is also observed due to the violation of sanitary standards in the pigsty, on the walking. In order for the problem to disappear, it is necessary to expand the pigsty for a start, so that all individuals have enough space, but they also begin to maintain cleanliness in the room.
In addition, premix, which contains potassium, calcium, iron, and other minerals, is added to the food of young individuals. From their lack of pigs can also begin to nibble each other.
Very often in the case of a large group of animals, they gnaw each other
Piglets fall to their feet
Piglets can fall on their feet for three main reasons - poor diet, stress, or infection. In the case of timely treatment, the problem will quickly disappear. But first you need to determine the cause.
At the time of weaning, sows may experience severe stress. In this case, they can only stand up badly, constantly falling. In this case, the animal may refuse to eat and he has diarrhea. No other serious symptoms.
In this case, the early lure from 5-7 days of life will help, then it will be easier for the pig to leave the female. But if the problem is already there, anti-stress drugs are used (Dex-Kel, for example). But, unfortunately, they do not always help.
If a piglet began to fall after weaning from mom, then most likely it’s about an unbalanced diet. Animals may lack iron, calcium, vitamin D. As a result, rickets develop, limbs and bones become bent, the piglet is hard to stand, and therefore it constantly falls.
To animals had enough iron in the feed you just need to add iron-containing drugs. In addition, special injections of iron are made (for this they call a veterinarian) at an early age, on day 4 or earlier, after birth. The second injection is done again, a week after the first. With a lack of other vitamins also feed premixes.
When problems arise and in order to avoid mistakes, it is best to immediately consult a veterinarian.
Among the common diseases that accompany such a problem should be called the following.
- Swine flu - similar in symptoms to human flu. They treat the flu with antibiotics and antiviral drugs prescribed by a veterinarian. Among the most common drugs are used: Tamiflu, Genferon, Kagocel, Cycloferon, Arbidol, and the like.
- Teshen disease affects piglets 2-6 months. It is also accompanied by diarrhea, rhinitis, vomiting, hyperthermia, bloody discharge. There is no cure for this disease. Pigs are slaughtered, the meat can be used to prepare canned food.
- Swine erysipelas affects piglets 3-12 months. The main symptoms are joint inflammation, which causes the animal to fall on its hind legs. From this disease developed a special serum. It is used in the treatment according to the prescription of a veterinarian.
- Plague is the most dangerous disease that causes paralysis. The little pig does not eat and does not rise. Usually, half of the herd dies from this disease, and it is very difficult to treat it. This is done only after a detailed examination of the veterinarian. He prescribes medications, preventive measures.
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Under the influence of various causes, pigs may begin to itch. As a rule, these are the most diverse diseases or parasites.
Antiparasitic drugs are used to treat scabies.
The most common cause of scabies is lice. At the same time, lice may not be visible on the surface of the body, because they are very small, but on closer examination you can see brown dots running around the body of the mumps. Along with lice, pigs and lashes usually live on pigs.
To combat this problem, preparations against fleas and ticks (Phosmet, Doramectin, Ivermectin, etc.) are used. These can be bought at any pet store. As an alternative is used celandine. During the week, broth celandine treated piglets once a day.Important! Any preparations for the treatment of animals from worms, lice and other parasites must be acquired in specialized veterinary clinics!
Another option for scabies is parakeratosis. In the case of this disease, in addition to scabies, mumps also slow down in growth, they develop dermatitis, especially in places with thin skin, and bristles fall out. The little pig constantly loses weight, in places of joints skin cracks. Piglets stop eating and constantly tremble.
Most often the disease develops when the pigs eat a lot of grain. They have an impaired metabolism of zinc, phosphorus and calcium, hence the disease.
To the disease retreated, you need to feed the piglets zinc carbonate or sulphate every day. Depending on the severity of the disease rate varies from 0.2 to 0.5 g / head. The treatment lasts 3 weeks, then the condition of the piglets is checked.
Scabies or Sarcoptes
Sarkoptosis is a disease caused by sarcoptoid ticks (intradermal parasites). Most often, piglets are affected in the absence of sanitation or with a large density of individuals. Besides the fact that piglets itch, they also do not gain weight, are worried, depleted, dark spots appear on the sides, belly and thirst.
For the treatment used antiparasitic agents, means for spraying the skin, supplements to feed and injections. For spraying the animal use: 2% solution "CK-9", "Tactic", "Biocide 0.1%", "TAM-85", "Butox" and other similar preparations. For injections taken such substances as "Ivermectin", "Doramectin". 14 days after the end of the treatment, repeat the course. Purity is maintained in the pigsty, vitamins and minerals are added to the food. Any new pigs and those that are not infected are quarantined to check for the presence of the disease.
As you can see, pigs can suffer from a variety of diseases. In order to cure them in time, it is worth doing a routine check-up at a veterinarian and at the first signs of illness to call a specialist. It will allow not only to quickly identify the problem, but also the method of solving it.