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The best varieties of spinach

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Significant contribution to the spread of spinach around the world made the Arabs. They grew it back in the XII century, calling it "the king of vegetables". Today, spinach is known worldwide. Pleasant taste, universal use allows you to make it a variety of dishes, from soups to desserts. This article describes the most popular varieties of spinach and their characteristic features.

The best varieties of green spinach

This category includes varieties of spinach, which provide high yields and are relatively easy to grow.

The best varieties of green spinach

  • "Rembor" gives a harvest for 58 days on average. Bush lush, grows up to 17 cm in height. The leaves are fleshy, dark green, elongated, the front plate shines a little. There is resistance to short frosts, tsvetushnosti.
  • "Marquis" It is the leader in iodine content among other types of spinach. Ripens on the 35th day after sowing. It can be grown in a greenhouse or in open field, in spring or autumn. The leaves are green, oval, wavy. It is recommended for freezing, preservation, because during heat treatment it practically does not lose its useful qualities.
Interesting! The first mentions of spinach date back to the 6th century AD!
  • "Gigantic" spinach ripens in a month or a little more after sowing. The leaves are fleshy, elongated. The diameter of the bush is about 50 cm. This variety is suitable for freezing, canning and drying, because during heat treatment saves a large amount of vitamins and minerals. In cultivation, unpretentious, tolerates small frosts, sudden changes in temperature.
  • "Rook" it ripens early, as early as 28 days after sowing, although the first, young leaves can be tried for 15 days. Sowing is carried out in the last days of April. Bush lush, up to 40 g, with dark green leaves. Plates are smooth, looking up. The variety is suitable for consumption in fresh salads or frozen. Resistant to bolting and slight frost.

Red spinach varieties

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Photo of red spinach

Spinach is not only green, but also red. True, the leaves of red spinach do not fully have that color. Most of the leaf plate is still green, but the veins, petiole, and sometimes also the area around them, do have a pink, red or even burgundy color.

  • "Basella Rumba" - this is spinach growing in the form of liana. Its stems are red and leaves in the veins also sometimes become red. It can be grown outdoors or at home. The leaves are edible. The plant also produces purple fruits.
  • "Bordeaux F1" a hybrid with red veins, petiole and green leaves, pointed to the top. The taste is sweeter than that of simple spinach. Suitable for children's menu, salads and cooking hot dishes. Bush grows in diameter up to 30 cm, height about 20 cm. This culture is not afraid of short-term frosts, but can only grow in a sunny area.
  • "Red Cardinal F1" - an early hybrid, can be grown up in the spring and in the fall. The ripening period is 30-40 days after sowing. The leaves are thin, juicy. Color mostly green, but the veins and petiole pink. There is immunity to powdery mildew.

Spinach varieties for the Moscow region

Spinach varieties for the Moscow region

To get maximum yield in the Moscow region, it is necessary to grow those varieties of vegetables that are suitable for this area. Below are the varieties of spinach that grow well in the climate of the Moscow region and throughout the central part of Russia.

  • "Stoic" ripens in 15-25 days. Leaflets broadly, medium size. The socket in diameter can be from 10 to 30 cm. This plant easily tolerates small frosts, drought and grows even in dark areas. The yield per square meter of planting reaches 2-3 kg.
  • "Sturdy" gives the first leaves for 20 days, but full, large grow only for 40 days. Bush average, in diameter up to 25 cm. The leaves are green, oval, smooth from the front side, with bubbles. Needs regular watering, likes nitrogen fertilizers. Immune to mold and rot.
Interesting! Stoic spinach variety can be grown even on a windowsill, but only with additional lighting.
  • "Fantasy" variety for open and closed ground. Ripens in 21 days. Socket up to 35 cm in diameter, dark green leaves, elongated. Productivity from hectare to 22 tons. May be stored for a long time after collection. Suitable for industrial cultivation. It is recommended in dietary and baby food. The variety is not afraid of cold weather, temperature changes.

Spinach varieties for the Urals

Spinach varieties for the Urals

In areas with long, cold winters and short, cool summers, not all varieties of spinach can grow. Though this plant does not mature for a long time, it needs light, heat. So, what kinds of spinach are intended for the Urals and zones with similar climatic conditions?

  • "Bora Bora" - cold-resistant spinach ripening in 25-28 days. Grown in spring and autumn. Use is universal. The socket is half raised, with a diameter of 18-25 cm. The leaves are large, green, juicy, do not lose their presentation for a long time. Contains many nutrients. Resistant to bolting, frost.
  • "Matador" ripens in 30-50 days. The variety comes from the Czech Republic. Bush grows in diameter up to 30 cm. Leaves are gray-green, juicy, oval, with a smooth surface. The main advantage is immunity to most infections. He loves a moist environment and can even grow in wetlands, but he does not tolerate drought at all, so the main rule of care is timely watering. Resistant to shooting and cooling.
Interesting! Spinach can be used as a natural dye!
  • "Blumselde F1" - type of Dutch selection. The socket is average, in diameter up to 25 cm. Green leaves with lettuce bubbles. Resistant to spelling, stressful conditions, weather changes, including frost, heavy rains.

The best varieties of spinach for open ground

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The best varieties of spinach for open ground

Spinach varieties for open ground can withstand fluctuations in temperature, climate change. Such crops produce great yields, but only with proper care.

  • "Leaf" - gives the first harvest in 30 days. It is recommended for cultivation in an open ground. It can be sown in early spring, because it easily tolerates slight frosts. Productivity from a square of landings - 3 kg. The socket is lush, up to 30 cm in height. The leaves are bright green, smooth, shiny.
  • "Victoria" ripens in 20-40 days. In open ground grown from May to November. Bushes grow small, up to 20 cm in diameter. The leaves are plastic, green. Suitable for different climatic zones. The arrow releases late. There is immunity to powdery mildew and mold infection. It is recommended to fertilize with minerals to get a big harvest.
Interesting! Fresh spinach is 90% water. While cooking it is important not to overdo it on the fire, otherwise it can begin to taste bitter.
  • "El Forte F1" ripens in 42 days. Leaves rounded, dark green, petiole short. Resistant to tsvetushnosti. This plant is resistant to stressful conditions. With long-term storage after collection, does not lose its presentation.

The best varieties of spinach for greenhouses

The best varieties of spinach for greenhouses

Not many plants can grow in greenhouse conditions. If a greenhouse or greenhouse is used for growing crops, including spinach, it is necessary to choose varieties that can produce there big yields. So which varieties of spinach are best for growing a greenhouse?

  • "Boss" - This is an early variety ripening as early as 28 days after sowing. The outlet diameter reaches 60 cm. The leaves are dark green, oval, up to 17 cm long, have bubbles on the plate. There is resistance to tsvetushnosti.
  • "Virofle" - early variety. Bush grows lush, up to 30 cm in diameter, with succulent leaves. In growing unpretentious. Leaves as you mature need to be removed on time, otherwise an arrow may appear. Recommended for early sowing.
  • "Apollo F1" ripens in 35-40 days. The leaves are oval-round, fleshy, green. It grows quickly, it is recommended for sale and canning, but you can eat fresh. There is immunity to perinospora. Productivity is high.

Unusual Spinach Varieties

Among the varieties of spinach, there are truly amazing types. They are not very popular in mass cultivation, but for lovers they will become a valuable find.

Unusual Spinach Varieties

  • "Strawberry" he, Zhminda, is a unique type of spinach, the value of which is not so much in the leaves as in the red berries that ripen on it. The plant has a strong root system, similar to strawberry. If the roots remain in the ground for the winter, a new plant may appear in the spring. For good growth needs an abundance of sunlight. Serrated leaves, like berries can be used in food. Taste berries sugary-sweet.
  • "New Zealand" or "Tetragonia" ripens in 20-35 days and can be grown by seedling. It belongs to the family of crystal. It grows up to a meter in height. The leaves are bright green, fleshy, rather thick, triangular in shape, with a serrated edge. This species needs good lighting and frequent watering.
  • "Godri" forms the socket for 18-30 days after emergence of sprouts. Small bush with a diameter of 25 cm. The leaves are green, ovate. It is recommended for cultivation in the closed or open ground, well grows in hotbeds and greenhouses. Not afraid of small cold snaps. The main problem - early blooms.
  • "Basel Alba" - curly, green spinach. This plant is also called Malabar spinach. It grows as a beautiful vine, the shoots of which can reach 1.5 meters. They are covered with wrinkled heart-shaped leaves. It blooms with small flowers and even gives fruits, in the form of black berries of small size. Can be grown as an annual in open ground. The taste is similar to simple spinach, contains many useful substances. It also has nutritious tubers that grow on underground shoots.

Varieties of spinach are plentiful. It has been cultivated for many centuries, so it is not difficult for lovers to find one or another variety of this culture. There are simple and unusual types, with green leaves or atypical reddish and even with berries! In the cultivation of spinach does not require a lot of effort, the main thing is to get acquainted with its features and adhere to the basic rules of care.

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