For normal growth and development of plants need to monitor their health. Iron sulfate is often used not only to treat, but also to disinfect plants. What is this substance and how to use it in this or that case can be found below in the article.
What is iron sulfate?
Before you study the use of substances in gardening, you must first find out what it is. Iron sulfate is ferrous sulfate. It is obtained by the reaction of the interaction of bivalent iron and sulfuric acid. Iron sulfate is a blue-green crystals that dissolve very easily in water.Important! Unlike copper sulfate, which has blue crystals, iron sulphate has blue-green crystals. It is in color that these two drugs are distinguished in the market when they are purchased or immediately before use.
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The use of iron sulfate in gardening is the most diverse. So, for what purpose is the drug suitable?
- For the treatment of fungal diseases on shrubs and trees.
- For processing vineyards from oidium, anthracnose and gray rot.
- To combat spotting on a rose.
- For disinfection of places of cuts of pagons and branches on bushes and trees.
- For the destruction of pests.
- For processing storage for vegetables, fruits, disinfection boxes, garden tools.
- For the destruction of lichens and mosses.
- As a fertilizer on the site.
Features breeding iron vitriol
Breeding of vitriol
Use any drug you need according to the instructions. Iron sulfate is no exception. If diluted incorrectly, the plant may die or deteriorate. So, how to dilute the drug correctly?
- Capacity for breeding must be absolutely clean. If it was previously used for chemicals, then you need to wash it thoroughly.
- Tara is made of plastic or glass. Metal containers can not be used, because they just spoil.
- The solution is stirred slowly and thoroughly. It also does not hurt to give it to insist that the crystals are well dissolved, and then mix again.
- Any manipulations are carried out strictly in gloves.
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In order for iron sulfate to help in solving the problem, and not to harm it, it must be used in the correct dosage. So, in the case of pest control and their larvae, it is necessary to spray the trees (shrubs) and near-stem circles in the spring, before the buds bloom.Important! The treatment of young shrubs and trees is carried out with blue vitriol only once a year.
It is necessary to use a solution in a concentration of 5%. In other words, 500 g of sulphate is taken for 10 liters of water. Such processing is carried out 2 times a year - once in the spring and the second in the autumn.
How to deal with lichens and mosses?
Blue vitriol is a powerful remedy for lichens and mosses, which can lead to deterioration of bushes and trees in the garden. How do you take off to fight? In this case, shrubs and stone trees are treated with a 3% solution of ferrous sulfate, and seed trees - with 5%. Spraying is carried out 2 times with a break of 2 weeks, first in spring and then in autumn. During these two times, moss and lichen completely fall from the bark.
If lichen and moss very often affect crops, it is worth regularly, in the fall or spring, to whiten the plants with a special mixture. It is made from a 5% solution of ferrous sulfate and a small amount of ash. Whiten this mixture and damaged twigs to disinfect them.
Treatment against diseases
Application of ferrous sulfate
Iron sulfate treats many fungal diseases. This uses a concentration of 3%. For plants preparing the drug according to this recipe: 10 liters of water, 300 g of iron sulphate. After mixing, you need to spend 2-3 treatments with a break of a week.
Dangerous disease chlorosis is also treated by spraying iron sulphate. To prepare the solution you need to mix 10 liters of water and 50 g of vitriol. Processing is carried out several times with a break of 5-7 days. It is important that the leaves of the plant regain their natural, green color. In the case when chlorosis regularly affects the plants, it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying weekly. To do this, use a weak solution - 10 g / 10 liters of water.
How to process grapes?
For grapes, iron is a very important mineral, so it is this culture that needs regular iron sulfate treatment. Bring it either by spraying or under the root during irrigation. So before you process the grapes, you need to decide what it is done for.
Foliar top dressings allow treating a culture from diseases or supporting its strength at one or another moment of development.
- In early spring, a 1% solution is used to strengthen the vine.
- In the case of the fight against fungal diseases, it is worth treating the culture with a 4-5% solution.
- Autumn processing involves spraying 3-5% liquid.
Root top dressing is carried out with irrigation. It is used in the case when the vine lacks iron. In 10 liter bucket pour 10-15 grams of iron sulphate, stir and pour into the root zone.
How to handle trees and shrubs?
In the spring, before the beginning of the growing season of the trees, and also in the fall, after the end of the growing season, it is recommended to treat the plants with 3% solution of iron sulphate. For shrubs, a concentration of 1% is used. Such spraying protects the culture from disease and supports its strength.
In addition, if the tree was cut off, it is also desirable to process all the cutting sites with iron sulphate. 100 g of ferrous sulfate is used for 10 liters of water. Substance grease slices and leave to dry.
Not every gardener knows that a good fertilizer can be made from ferrous sulfate - chelate. Its feature is in stimulating photosynthesis in plants. It is done as follows. 3 liters of water is boiled, then cooled and diluted with 1 tablespoon of citric acid. After that you can add 2 teaspoons of vitriol. The color of the resulting mass should be light orange. Use fertilizer no later than 2 hours after preparation, several times throughout the season.
Iron sulfate is very useful and has many different uses. This tool can be the best assistant gardener, if used correctly, remember how to dilute and always maintain concentration.