In Moscow there are severe winters, but in addition, this area is characterized by high humidity. Cherry varieties for the Moscow region should be resistant to frost, damp and coccomycosis. It is this disease in the Moscow region is found most often, so that resistance to it is a priority. Yield, taste of berries, height of the tree and some other points of characteristics are also considered as secondary, but no less important selection criteria. We offer you the best varieties of cherries for the Moscow region with a description of the characteristics.
Grade Coral and its features
Cherry variety Coral
Cherry variety Coral fully meets its name. The berries are rich, scarlet, like corals. The main advantage is late blooming. Of course, the crop is harvested later, but on the other hand, flowering does not occur as early as that of other varieties, therefore, full-blown buds do not freeze slightly during the return frosts and the tree gives stable and high yields annually.
The tree is not very big, the maximum height is 3 meters. Crown oval. Harvest ripening occurs in late July or early August. The scarlet-colored berries, as mentioned above, are not very large - 4.5-5.5 g, of a typical cherry flavor, but what is remarkable - they are rarely eaten by birds! Varieties of cherries for the Moscow region, suitable as pollinators: "Alatyrskaya", "Gnome", "Izobilnaya".
Important! Coral cherries are characterized by high winter hardiness and good immunity to coccomycosis.
Of the disadvantages gardeners say poor transportability, so for the sale of coral is not grown.
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Cherry Crystal - one of the most popular and common varieties in the suburbs. The reason for this is excellent winter hardiness and immunity to coccomycosis. It grows in areas of different workloads. The main feature of this variety of cherries for the Moscow region is compactness. The tree grows to a maximum of 3.2 meters, but the crown is compact, in the shape of a pyramid, sparse, so the tree almost does not create a thick shadow.
Berries ripen from the beginning or mid-July - depending on what kind of weather is outside. Cherry is medium in size, weighing 4.8-5.7 g. The variety has stable yields, but bears fruit only from 4 years. To increase yields need to be planted next to the cherry varieties "Coral" or "Lyubskaya".
Disadvantages: instability to moniliasis.
Cherry Variety Toy
Cherry Variety Toy
Cherry varieties for the Moscow region can be not only fruitful, resistant to various climatic changes, but also large-fruited. Sort A toy differs from all other species with its beautiful, large berries that look like artificial ones (toy ones). They have a rich red color, smooth, shiny skin and presentable appearance. Weight on average 7.8-8.5 g.
Cherry tree Toy grows up to 3 meters and bears fruit from 3 years after planting. It always looks neat, even if trimming is not regular and not professional. The crown grows uniform, spherical in shape, there are not very many pagons. Varieties of pollinators: cherry "Minx", "Samsonovka", cherry "Large-fruited". The taste of berries is sweet and sour with a high content of sugars in the composition. The use is universal. Productivity reaches 50-70 kg from one tree per season. The first berries can be tasted from the beginning of July.
Among the drawbacks, it is necessary to note the freezing of flower buds in particularly severe winters. Sometimes the loss of the crop due to frost reaches 80%! Of course, gardeners are not happy, so the tree is usually covered for the winter with a special protective structure. It is easy to make yourself. In the presence of shelter losses are always minimal.
Lubskaya cherry for Moscow regionWe recommend reading our other articles.
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Lyubskaya - known and proven variety of cherries for the Moscow region. It gives great harvests, delicious berries weighing 3.8-4.0 g. It enters fruiting for 2-3 years, the crop ripens by early August. Cherry has a burgundy color, glossy peel. The flesh is red, juicy, sour. Harvest is rarely consumed fresh and more suitable for processing. But in jam, compotes, juices, jams, he has no equal - the taste and color is saturated, the flesh does not fall apart, the berries in the jars are whole.
Interesting! Variety Lyubskaya blooms more than a week. There are always a lot of flowers, they thickly cover the tree, so this cherry is often planted for decorative purposes.
Due to the fact that the tree is small and grows only up to 2.5 meters, there are never any problems with leaving or harvesting. Even on a small stepladder you can reach the upper branches. A huge advantage is the fact that the berries never crumble, even after ripening hang on the branches for a long time. The peduncle is separated without problems.
There are almost no shortcomings in the described cherry variety for the Moscow region. The only thing that bothers gardeners most often is the need for pollinators. If varieties such as “Vladimirskaya”, “Shpanka Raya”, “Anadolskaya” will not grow nearby, the tree may not give much yield.
Cherry varieties Revival sick very rarely and therefore is very popular not only in the suburbs, but also in other regions. She has a strong immunity from nature and even if it is not often fed, it remains at a high level.
The tree is not very high (2.5-3 meters), it grows actively only in the first 2-3 years, then development slows down. Differs in high productivity, fructifies annually, since 4-5 years. Maturation occurs in early July. The berries are large, up to 3.5 grams, dark red. The pulp is aromatic, juicy and sweetish. The use of universal, transportability and product quality are excellent.
In the cherry variety Revival for growing in the Moscow region, there is a good winter hardiness. Severe winters are no problem for him. But if the tree is young, insulation for the winter does not hurt. Usually gardeners mulch the tree trunk and wrap the trunk in insulating material to protect the main part of the tree. Even if some twigs freeze, the tree will quickly recover if its base and root system are in order. But, in addition, the variety is drought-resistant and non-capricious, it grows and survives even with minimal care.
The main disadvantage is that the variety gives great yields only when there are pollinators near the trees. These may be cherries "Crystal", "Lyubskaya" or "Coral".
What other varieties are suitable for the Moscow region?
Listed above varieties of cherries for the Moscow region are most in demand among gardeners. But besides them, there are still many varieties suitable for cultivation in this region.
- "Turgenevka" - a typical, self-fertile variety of simple, beloved cherries. The tree grows up to 3 meters, bears fruit only for 5 year. Crohn middle density, in need of formation and timely dilution. Berries weighing up to 5 grams, red with bright sour taste. Used more often for recycling. The advantages include winter hardiness, good immunity, drought resistance, yield. Disadvantage: can bloom flower buds.
Interesting! The Turgenevka variety is self-fertile, but it gives only 15-25 kg of berries per season. To increase the yield should be planted near the cherry "Lubskaya" or "Favorite".
- "Youth" Cherry is a relatively young, self-fertile variety for the Moscow region. Appeared at the end of XX century. The tree is low, up to 2.5 meters, with a comfortable, not dense crown. Berries of medium size - 4.0-4.5 g, dark maroon. The flesh is fresh, juicy, sweetish with sourness, universal use. Productivity from a young tree - 15 kg. Berries can be harvested from 2-3 years closer to the end of July. Moniliosis and coccomycosis resistance is medium.
- "Apukhtinskaya" Cherry grows up to 3 meters in height and enters fruiting from 2-3 years after planting. The variety is late, self-fruited, it blooms in early summer, so the flowers never freeze. The growth is shrub (several lower skeletal branches), the variety practically does not need any care. The berries are dark red, large. The flesh is sweet and sour, juicy, there may be a bitter aftertaste. Differs in winter hardiness, immunity to coccomycosis. Disadvantages: the fall of ripe berries.