Guinea fowl meat tastes like a pheasant, and their eggs are distinguished by exceptional quality characteristics. These birds relatively recently became popular for home breeding, breeders still managed to withdraw only about 20 domestic species. The best breeds of guinea fowls will be described in this article.
What are the characteristics of guinea fowls?
Guinea fowl - a beautiful poultry, pleasing not only a pleasant appearance and exemplary behavior, but also an abundance of healthy eggs and meat. The characteristics of the product received from it cause a great demand for the consumer form.
Meat and eggs of guinea fowl valued for the abundance of nutrients
- Guinea fowl meat is valued for the abundance of nutrients. It is drier chicken, but juicier than the game. It contains a whole complex of vitamins of group B, PP, A, C, trace elements and other useful substances. At the same time, the meat does not cause allergies and contains few calories.
- Diet eggs of poultry have a very hard shell, which is difficult to break, and at first it can be difficult, but the taste and benefits of the product are worth the effort. One egg contains a lot of vitamin A, carotenoids, and allergens are completely absent. The shell, as a rule, is rough and light with many brown specks. Weight on average - 40-45 grams. Such a product is not only useful, but also safe, there are no infections and parasites in it, they can be completely safely consumed raw.
It is also worth noting that the hardness of the guinea flesh is an absolute advantage, because it is one of the reasons for the long-term storage of the product. At a temperature of +10 degrees, eggs are capable of being stored for 6 months!
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Despite the rather small number of breeds of domestic guinea fowls, they are already divided into several directions. For a start it is worth considering representatives of the egg direction.
The best breeds of guinea fowls of the egg direction
- White-breasted Zagorskaya the breed of guinea fowls looks like gray-speckled, only on the sternum and on the sides there are areas with exceptionally white plumage. During the season, the hen gives up to 150 eggs weighing 40-45 grams. The weight of an adult female is up to 2 kg, the male is up to 1.8 kg. The lack of birds is that the taste of meat strongly resembles chicken, and this depreciates the carcass in the eyes of the buyer. Most often they are bred only for eggs.
- Gray speckled representatives for the season give up to 120 eggs weighing 45 grams. Have an elongated body. The weight of the female is 1.5 kg, the male - 2 kg. The meat is tasty, tender, but the carcass after plucking has a bluish tint, which negatively affects the sale of goods, therefore, they are attributed to the egg direction. The color is blue-gray, white specks are unevenly scattered throughout the body. The head has no plumage, it has only a small outgrowth of blue-pink color.
- Blue a variety of guinea fowls for the year gives 100-150 eggs. The color of the shell is almost completely brown, in contrast to the typical, light-speckled, like most existing breeds. A distinctive feature in the color of feathers - gray-blue. Female weight - 1.5-1.6 kg, males - 1.4-1.5 kg. The disadvantage is that the survival rate of young stock is only 52%.
What meat breeds guinea fowl better?
Guinea fowl meat breeds produce fewer eggs, but have a heavy body weight, so that the final meat yield is higher, and the meat quality of such poultry is much higher than that of the egg direction.
The best meat breeds guinea fowls
- Volzhskaya white reaches a body weight of 2-2.2 kg, with high-quality feeding. Carcasses have a pleasant, white color, they are readily bought and sold in stores and on the market. Egg production average 110-120 pieces per year with one layer. It adapts well to cold and temperate climates.
- Siberian white - has matured, the weight of an adult individual is up to 2 kg. Carcass when dressing has a pleasant shade. For the year gives 80-100 eggs. It is adapted for life in almost any climate. A distinctive feature is the white color of feathers and a remarkable growth on the head, resembling a horn.
- Suede Guinea Fowl It was derived by chance, but, nevertheless, today is quite popular. The weight of the female is 1.6-1.7 kg, the male is slightly smaller - 1.5-1.6 kg. The carcass has a pleasant, marketable appearance, valued for its high content of nutrients. Egg production is understated - 70-80 eggs per year. High productivity is noted only in hot, southern countries.
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Initially, the guinea fowl was a wild bird, and only great demand led to its domestication and the further selection of new ones adapted for backyard breeding. Many breeders are interested in, is it possible to breed wild birds on farms and in large villages? Yes, of course, it is possible, but the conditions for their maintenance can be expensive and there are several reasons for this.
Wild guinea fowl
- The habitat of a wild bird is always strictly limited. Any overseas travel can be stressful and even lead to the death of the feathered. So it is better to breed them in places of their natural habitat.
- Wild breeds of guinea fowls live in flocks, lonely breeding is impossible. In the pack there can be from 20 to 100 individuals - a lot of space is needed.
- The living conditions of wild birds are somewhat different from domestic. So, the griffon variety makes laying in pits dug in the ground - they can simply not be noticed.
- Attitudes toward people or other breeds can be unpredictable. Wildlife individuals are fearful or aggressive - you need to be prepared for this in advance.
Well, and more importantly, the productive qualities of the wild guinea fowl are much less than at home, if we talk about egg production. Meat of the feathered may be too tough - for an amateur. So breeding may not be appropriate. Therefore, more often they are brought in for decorative purposes or for the selection of new species.
Of the most well-known breeds of wild guinea fowl, several of the most prominent are distinguished: Griffon, Curly, Indykovaya, Crested, Kisochka guinea fowl.