As the name implies, Italy is the birthplace of Italian geese. About half a century ago, the breed was already popular in some European countries that are located around Italy, but it received widespread distribution around 1975, when representatives of the species were brought from Czechoslovakia to the USSR. Italian geese are graceful, highly productive birds. The features of the breed can be found below in the article.
Description of Italian Geese
Representatives of the species have an average, harmonious physique. This is not a very large bird with a significant weight. An adult can reach 6-7 kg, a record weight of 8 kg! Of course, a greater body weight should be counted on only with balanced feeding.
The body of geese is elongated, the neck is long, not thick. The chest is slightly bulging, rounded. It is worth noting that the bird is very beautiful. It can be bred for decorative purposes. She has a harmonious physique and graceful movements. The wings are large, well developed, the tail is pronounced, unlike many other species of geese. Paws of medium length, so that the body is slightly elevated above the ground. The head is small, slightly oblong. The eyes are small, blue, but from a distance they appear dark. White plumage, color of paws and beak is bright orange, with a red tinge.
High productivity of Italian geese breed
Italian geese have high productivity.
- For a year, a hen can produce 45-55 eggs weighing 165 grams each. The color of the shell is white.
- The percentage of hatching eggs in the incubator is 65-70%.
- The bird is early ripening; in the second month its weight reaches 4-4.2 kg.
- Not only tasty meat is obtained from the bird, but also fatty liver, if you ensure proper feeding. If a bird weighs 7-8 kg, then its liver will weigh approximately 500-600 grams!
- In addition to meat and liver, Italian geese can give the breeder good feathers and down. Thanks to their pleasant color and softness, they are popular for stuffing pillows, blankets and winter clothes.
In addition, the breed is often used to breed new species of geese. For mating, take both females and males.
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Despite the fact that the breed was bred in the warm climate of Italy, in the middle and even northern regions, the Italian geese can survive if they are provided with proper nutrition and care.
The specifics of the content of the Italian breed of geese
- The bird house is necessary spacious, warmed, especially if the bird is contained in the northern countries. Drafts, dampness must be completely eliminated.
- The litter can be made of any available material, only it must be changed often so that it is always dry and clean. Dampness and mold in the goose are unacceptable! In winter, warm bedding (a mixture of peat and straw) spreads out.
- Walking geese can be arranged either free or in an equipped aviary. Only it is worth considering that the bird is agile, moves a lot, runs, therefore there should be a lot of places in the aviary.
- The presence of a reservoir near walking is desirable, but the Italian breed of geese grows well and develops without it.
- It is important to comply with sanitary and hygienic standards, as the breed may be subject to various diseases. Timely cleaning, disinfection of the premises can provide the breeder with a steady income from meat, eggs and sales of young stock. Washing of water bowls and feeders is carried out daily, the litter changes as it becomes contaminated, disinfection should be done once every 1-3 months, and once a year it is important to completely clean the room from cobwebs, dust and other possible contaminants.
How to feed?
Feeding the Italian breed of geese
Feeding Italian geese is recommended mixed - pasture-driven. On a free-range pasture, a bird can use succulent grass, various crops, which it will find, and at home a breeder will feed it with any available nutritious food. You can purchase feed or make porridge from a variety of cereals. They feed the bird 4 times a day, while the breeder feeds the bird in the presence of walking only 2 times - early in the morning and late in the evening when the bird comes from the pasture. In winter, all 4 times is to feed the bird in a goose, and walking is completely excluded.
The diet of geese should also include: cottage cheese, eggs, crushed shells, chalk, and residues from peeling vegetables. In winter, instead of green grass, grass meal is mixed into the feed, and coniferous and deciduous brooms are given as a treat.
The availability of clean water is very important. In the gooseberry there is a drinking bowl in which water is changed at least once a day. On grazing, you can build a primitive fountain or provide the bird with an approach to the reservoir.
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Breeding Italian geese breed
Due to the many positive qualities of Italian geese are very popular for breeding on the plot. Of course, it is more profitable and more convenient to independently breed the bird, and not to buy eggs or chicks all the time. Therefore, one of the main issues in breeding is the complexity of breeding birds.
Italian geese have an average maternal instinct. Eggs are incubated and even cared for young animals, but care must be taken that the conditions of their housing are good, otherwise the bird will begin to think about its own survival, forgetting about the young. If desired, an incubator is used for breeding.
Young animals have a good immune system, frisky, quickly gaining weight. Special care is not required, it is enough to ensure proper feeding. You can keep the chicks either in a separate brooder, or give it to the care of the mother, who takes care of their safety and rapid development.